L.A. County Fights Plan to Add Citizenship Question to 2020 Census

January 18, 2018 by · Leave a Comment 

The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors pushed back Tuesday against a proposal to include a citizenship question on the 2020 Census, saying it would lead to inaccurate counts and unfair allocation of federal funding.

Supervisor Hilda Solis recommended sending a letter to Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and the county’s congressional delegation expressing opposition to such a question, which was proposed by the Department of Justice, said it “will deter anyone afraid of disclosing immigration status” from filling out the census form.

“Communities that are uncounted will be underfunded and underrepresented,” Solis said.

She estimated that the county is home to at least 1 million undocumented immigrants and said even citizens and those with green cards might be afraid to fill out the census form if they have family members who are undocumented.

Supervisor Janice Hahn, who co-authored the motion, agreed.

“Whether unintentional or by design, including a citizenship question in the census will not only result in an inaccurate count, it would deny communities with immigrant populations — like L.A. County— their fair share of federal funding and resources,” Hahn said. “It’s our job to provide for all of the people who are living in L.A. County, regardless of whether they were born here.”

The census is used in setting the number of each state’s congressional representatives and to allocate millions of dollars in federal funding.

About $5 billion of the county’s $31 billion 2017-18 budget comes from federal sources.

“The census is a matter of just two little things: money and power,” said Rosalind Gold of the National Association of Latino Elected Officials Educational Fund.

The Department of Justice said in its request to the Census Bureau that it needed the citizenship data to enforce voting rights.

“The Department needs a reliable calculation of the citizen voting-age population in localities where voting rights violations are alleged or suspected” to protect against racial discrimination in voting, according to a Dec. 12 DOJ letter published by ProPublica.

The census is the first that will be managed primarily online, which Solis said would create an additional barrier for low-income families and communities of color.

A representative from the office of Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., read a statement from the lawmaker calling the DOJ’s proposal “a deeply troubling request” that “threatens to undermine the accuracy of the census as a whole.”

Census Bureau field representatives are reporting unprecedented fear among test respondents, according to NALEO Educational Fund Director Arturo Vargas.

“With vigorous research and testing already completed and only three months to go before the agency must submit its final questions to Congress, now is not the time for our nation to devote precious resources towards this     misguided and unnecessary pursuit,” Vargas said.

The board’s vote was unanimous.

‘There are no Do-Overs’ – Advocates Sound Alarm on 2020 Census

April 6, 2017 by · Leave a Comment 

New America Media – With the 2020 Census three years out, civil rights groups and census experts are sounding the alarm that pending actions by the Trump administration and Congress could severely hamper an accurate count of all communities.

“Congress’ failure over the past few years to pay for rigorous 2020 Census planning, and now the Trump Administration’s insufficient budget request for 2018, will strike at the heart of operations specifically designed to make the census better in historically undercounted communities,” said Terri Ann Lowenthal, former staff director with the House Subcommittee on Census and Population.

She spoke during a national press call hosted by the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. The call was moderated by Wade Henderson, president and CEO of Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights.

“The decennial census is by far the most important and critical tool in our country to ensure that diverse communities are equitably served with government resources and that the American people are adequately represented at all levels of government,” said Henderson. “The census is required by the U.S. Constitution and policymakers are responsible for making sure the job gets done right. All of us must insist that they do that because there are no do-overs.”

Currently the Census Bureau is being funded at 2016 levels, as Congress has not approved final spending bills for 2017. The bureau has requested a 25 percent “ramp up” for preparation activities. But President Trump’s 2018 budget proposal recommends keeping funding levels where they are currently, $1.5 billion.

Census advocates say this is a crucial time for laying the groundwork and are calling for Congress to reject the administration’s budget proposal in favor of one that covers all preparation activities.


A ‘Major Civil Rights Issue’


Recently, the U.S. Government Accountability office deemed the 2020 Census a “high risk federal program,” in part because the U.S. Census Bureau is planning to utilize several never-before used strategies – such as collecting responses over the internet – but may not have the time and resources to adequately develop and test them.

Budget limitations have already hindered major preparations, including the cancellation of tests of new methods in Puerto Rico and on two American Indian reservations, and resulted in mailed tests rather than electronic or in-person ones, as well as delayed community outreach and advertising campaigns.

Advocates say current funding shortfalls will result in many people – particularly black, Latino and rural households, and families with young children – being missed by the count. Arturo Vargas is the executive director of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO) Educational Fund. He calls the underfunding of the census a major civil rights issue for Latinos and

other communities of color.

“A successful 2020 Census is not possible if Latinos are not accurately counted,” Vargas said.

Millions of Latinos, the second largest ethnic group in the U.S., were missed in the 2010 census, including 400,000 children under four, according to Vargas.

For each uncounted person, state governments and communities lose thousands of federal aid dollars, which go to anti-poverty programs, education, infrastructure, emergency services, healthcare and other programs.

An undercount can also trigger changes in political representation – from redrawn district lines, to fewer seats in local, state and federal offices, often diminishing the power of communities of color.

Advocates say that new cost-saving strategies like collecting responses over the internet rather than paper forms require investments on the front end. Delayed preparations cannot be made up later. Surveys administered online may also be hampered by the “digital divide” if adequate field tests are not taken.

Lack of access to broadband and the internet may make it “more challenging to [reach] those historically left out of the census in the first place,” Vargas warns.


The ‘First High Tech Census’

The first “high tech” census also opens the door to cyber security concerns, which have been exacerbated of late by evidence of foreign attacks on the 2016 presidential elections. Such concerns could make Americans even more hesitant to participate.

Lowenthal says she and other advocates must be prepared for a “wild card” event, such as President Trump publically questioning the importance of the census via social media.

“One errant tweet could shake public confidence and in the process depress participation and undermine faith in the results, conceivably all the way to the halls of Congress,” Lowenthal said.

Census advocates are eyeing several other threats to the decennial count and its yearly counterpart, the American Community Survey. The ACS is sent yearly to about 1 in 38 households to collect demographic data on everything from employment and home-ownership to educational attainment.

Republicans in Congress are pushing to make participation in the ACS voluntary which could severely damage the data, says John C. Yang, president and executive director of the non-profit advocacy group Asian Americans Advancing Justice.

“The ACS updates the Census throughout the decade. As such it is required by law and must remain so to provide the vital info needed from our communities,” Yang said, emphasizing that the ACS is the only source for detailed data of ethnic subgroups, such as Vietnamese of Chinese descent.

Census advocates are also on high alert because an unsigned leaked executive order, titled “Protecting American Workers from Immigrant Labor,” referenced a directive to the Census Bureau to collect data on immigration status.

Advocates are alarmed by the intentions behind this unsigned order.

“Latinos and other immigrant families are keenly aware of heightened immigrant enforcement actions in their communities, and this may increase distrust in contact with public agencies including the Census Bureau,” Vargas said.

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