L.A. City Council Approves Controversial Affordable Housing Fee

December 13, 2017 by · Leave a Comment 

The Los Angeles City Council Wednesday unanimously approved the creation of an affordable housing linkage fee — one of the most hotly debated proposals to come through City Hall in recent times.

Mayor Eric Garcetti, who championed such an ordinance two years ago, immediately signed the ordinance following the City Council’s approval.

“Ending the housing affordability crisis is essential to securing Los Angeles as a place where every Angeleno — no matter their income — has an opportunity to build a life in our community,” Garcetti said. “Everyone in L.A. deserves a place to come home to, and the affordable housing linkage fee is a critical investment in making that future possible for all of our families.”

Although some council members and key business leaders expressed hesitation while the proposal was dissected at four Planning Committee meetings, the council ultimately came together in unison to approve the fee as a way to help fight the housing crisis and rising rents in the city.

“This is an important moment. I’m thrilled to be a part of it,” Councilman Bob Blumenfield said.

Councilman Jose Huizar, who chairs the Planning Committee, told City News Service, “It’s a long process, but again it reminds us of how much work we still have to do. I think this council has paid so much more attention to affordable housing issues in these last couple of years, and it’s an issue that
has been long neglected, to speak quite frankly.”

Under the ordinance, commercial and residential developers will have to pay a fee for every square foot of new construction, generating an estimated $100 million per year to be used to provide affordable housing units.

Skeptics fretted that the fee could discourage development overall or that poor tenants would suffer as landlords passed the cost of the fee onto them.

Groups that argued that the fee will slow down housing include the Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce, which said the “business community strongly supports affordable and workforce housing, but this proposal will make low- and middle-class housing more expensive to build and more expensive to rent or own.”

The L.A. Chamber acknowledged the city has a “housing supply crisis at all levels,” but said solutions that increase housing overall is what’s needed.

Huizar said before the vote that the fee is lower than what some studies had shown developers could absorb, which helped reduce the level of opposition in the business community.

Councilman Jose Huizar (center) and affordable housing advocates at City Hall Wednesday morning called for support for a linkage fee on developers to fund the building of affordable housing. (Photo courtesy Office of Councilman Jose Huizar)

Councilman Jose Huizar (center) and affordable housing advocates at City Hall Wednesday morning called for support for a linkage fee on developers to fund the building of affordable housing. (Photo courtesy Office of Councilman Jose Huizar)

“We could have charged more in this fee, but we chose not to, and we did that purposefully so that we have a large buffer there that will not discourage any development,” he said.

A report by the Department of City Planning and Housing and Community Investment Department estimates the fee could raise between $93.7 million and $114.3 million per year, with a tiered structure ranging from $8 to $15 per square foot for residential projects and $3 to $5 for commercial ones, depending on the market value of the neighborhood.

Council members Mike Bonin and David Ryu introduced an amendment to the motion that directs city staff to present an analysis within 60 days of the market impacts of increasing the residential fee in high market areas to $18. The amendment was seconded by Councilman Paul Koretz.

The three council members represent some of the pricier neighborhoods in L.A., including Bel-Air, Brentwood, Toluca Lake and the Hollywood Hills, indicating that there likely will not be opposition on the council to the increased fee because the trio collectively represents most of the high-market areas.

Huizar said he was supportive of looking at raising the high market fee.

“This is bringing it up a little bit more in those high demand areas, where they could probably absorb more of a fee than other areas,” he said.

“Because you want to encourage more development in low-income areas and those areas that don’t have much development, but where there’s such a huge demand and people’s portfolios are working out, they could absorb this a lot easier.”

Huizar pointed out that the city’s affordable housing trust fund contained around $100 million in 2010, but has nearly dried up as state and federal contributions plummeted.

“… We are one of the last large cities in the country that doesn’t have (a) consistent revenue stream to build affordable housing,” Huizar said.

Councilman Mitchell Englander expressed some criticism of the fee at one meeting, but later said he had always supported a linkage fee, and that it had just been a question of finding the “sweet spot” that doesn’t slow development.

The ordinance does include some exemptions for the fee, including for schools, grocery stores, hospitals and developments that include a certain level of affordable units, including where at least 40 percent of the total units are for affordable to moderate-income households making between 80 percent and 120 percent of the area median income.

There are also exemptions where at least 20 percent of the total units or guest rooms are dedicated for low income households, at least 11 percent is for very low income households, or at least 8 percent are for extremely low income households.

The Planning Committee considered for a time exempting nonprofits but ultimately decided against the move out of concern that developers would abuse the option.

Councilman Gil Cedillo over the summer suggested he wasn’t necessarily against the fee, but cast some doubt on how effective it could be.

“If we think this is the whole solution, we are really making a mistake,” Cedillo told City News Service in June.

But last week, Cedillo waived consideration of the linkage fee from his Housing Committee, which cleared the path for it to be voted on before the end of the year. The council also approved a motion by Cedillo that looks to amend the ordinance by creating a linkage fee exemption for middle-income households making between 120 percent and 150 percent of the AMI.

“Today’s council action is a historic move for the permanent development and preservation of affordable housing in Los Angeles,” Cedillo said following Wednesday’s vote. “As the chair of Housing, I will support any measure that gets us closer to our goal of building 100,000 units of housing by 2021.”

He added, “When creating a linkage fee, some cities have made certain exemption to the linkage fee, including exemptions for nonprofits and 100 percent affordable housing developments. Today, the City Council also approved my motion that asks for a similar exemption to extend homeownership opportunities for middle-income households, given the increasing price and shortage of housing. We have to attack the housing crisis at every level.”

The proposed amendment, however, must still be vetted through the City Council review process before it can be finalized, which will likely begin in January and take two months to complete, Cedillo’s Communications Director, Fredy Cejas, told EGP Wednesday.

The L.A. Chamber has expressed support for Cedillo’s motion, saying in an editorial Tuesday that it “could lessen the detrimental impact of a linkage fee on middle-income housing.

“This exemption would incentivize the construction of housing designed for middle-income Angelenos who are finding our city more and more unaffordable as a place to live and raise families,” Toebben said. “Without this exemption, the linkage fee would add $12,000 to $24,000 per unit to the cost of building middle-class housing.

Other California cities such as Oakland, San Diego and San Francisco have a linkage fee, as do other cities around the country.

Garcetti set a goal in 2014 of constructing more than 100,000 units in Los Angeles by 2021 as a way to combat a housing shortage that has contributed to rising rents and an increase in homelessness in the city.

EGP Managing Editor Gloria Alvarez contributed to this story.

 

Miembros del Ayuntamiento Oponen las Medidas Propuestas por la FCC

November 29, 2017 by · Leave a Comment 

Dos miembros del Ayuntamiento de Los Ángeles presentaron el martes una resolución pidiendo a sus colegas que se opongan a las medidas propuestas por la Comisión Federal de Comunicaciones (FCC) para eliminar la neutralidad de la red.

“El Internet es un recurso organizado en los principios de transparencia, equidad y libertad. Es un recurso esencial que alimenta el motor creativo de la economía de nuestra ciudad y preserva nuestro derecho a comunicarnos libremente”, dijo la concejala Mónica Rodríguez.

“Abandonar la neutralidad de la red sería un abandono de los valores sobre los que se fundó este país”.

Se espera que la FCC vote el 14 de diciembre sobre un plan que desmantelaría las regulaciones establecidas por la administración Obama que requiere que todo el tráfico de Internet sea tratado por los proveedores de servicios por igual.

Las reglas prohíben a los proveedores cobrar a los sitios web tarifas diferentes que podrían crear un carril de tráfico “rápido” o “lento” que según los críticos dañaría a las pequeñas empresas que no pueden pagar tarifas más altas. Los críticos también dicen que eliminar la neutralidad de la red permitiría a los proveedores censurar contenido, priorizar su propio contenido o bloquear el contenido de un competidor.

Se avecina una batalla sobre si los proveedores de servicios de internet deberían poder dar servicio prioritario a ciertos sitios. (Foto Cortesía de Max Kohler/ iStockphoto)

Se avecina una batalla sobre si los proveedores de servicios de internet deberían poder dar servicio prioritario a ciertos sitios.
(Foto Cortesía de Max Kohler/ iStockphoto)

“Tenemos que encontrar formas de hacer que el Internet sea más asequible y accesible para los angelinos. Lo que la FCC y la administración Trump proponen hacer es un gran paso atrás y solo sirve a los accionistas de las principales compañías de comunicaciones”, dijo el concejal Bob Blumenfield.

“La realidad es que hay niños en Los Ángeles y en todo el país que tienen acceso limitado al Internet y les debemos a ellos cerrar la brecha digital”.

El presidente de la FCC, Ajit Pai, quien lidera el esfuerzo para eliminar la neutralidad de la red, ha dicho que las reglas son una regulación innecesaria que puede frenar la innovación.

“Durante casi 20 años, el Internet prosperó bajo el enfoque regulador ligero establecido por el presidente Clinton y un Congreso republicano”, dijo Pai en un comunicado la semana pasada.

“Este marco bipartidista llevó al sector privado a invertir $1.5 trillones en la construcción de redes de comunicaciones en todo Estados Unidos. Y nos dio una economía de Internet que se convirtió en la envidia del mundo”.

L.A. to Toughen Enforcement of Alcohol Sales at Gas Stations

October 12, 2017 by · Leave a Comment 

A Los Angeles City Council committee voted Tuesday in favor of adopting stricter enforcement of the sale of alcoholic beverages at gas stations in an effort to reduce drunken driving and the availability of alcohol to minors.

“Vendors such as gas stations that sell alcohol may be overlooked in city regulations governing alcohol sales,” said Councilman Bob Blumenfield, who wrote the motion. “This measure will make sure we are doing more to prevent drinking and driving.”

In California, the manufacture, distribution, storage and sale of alcohol is regulated by the Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control, but the city is responsible for permits to operate gas stations and other businesses.

The motion approved by the Planning and Land Use Management Committee will ensure that every business that has a license from ABC is actually abiding by the state law before being issued a permit from the city, Blumenfield’s office said.

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